2006 Recipients

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Where presented : 
Exemplar Award Dinner
Recipient(s) name: 
William B. Lytton, Tyco International, and Mark J. MacDougall, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld, LLC
Reason for selection of recipient(s): 

As Executive Vice President and Chief Legal Officer for Tyco International Ltd., Bill Lytton is leading the charge for more active involvement on the part of corporate general counsel on behalf of the poor and disadvantaged. Beyond his personal commitment to making a difference for those in need he also understands the needs of the corporate sector. Through his position on the Board of Directors for The Pro Bono Partnership, Lytton actively advocated for the general
counsel community to commit resources by using the skills that in-house bar members use every day. He encourages corporations to get involved because “it is the right thing to do” and because it exemplifies good corporate citizenship. Additionally, it provides personal and professional enrichment for individual attorneys and allows for volunteer opportunities in assisting executives of non-profits with achieving their visions for helping devastated or challenged communities
more directly.

Lytton has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Legal Officer of Tyco International Ltd. since 2002 and continues to provide exceptional leadership and personal conviction in challenging others to also make a difference in their communities.

Prior to Tyco International, Lytton served for six years as General Counsel at International Paper Company. While at the International Paper Company, Lytton served on the American Corporate Counsel Association (ACCA) and was introduced to The Pro Bono Partnership in the 1990s by its founder, Bob Healing, former Corporate Counsel of General Electric and Rick Hobish, the Partnership’s Executive Director. Lytton also served as a federal prosecutor for eight and a half years in Chicago and Philadelphia and as Deputy Special Counselor to President Ronald Reagan in 1987. From 1978 – 1983, Lytton served as an Assistant U.S. Attorney in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, serving as Chief of the criminal division and later as First Assistant U.S. Attorney.

In addition to his work with the Pro Bono Partnership, Lytton is also a member of the Board of the Atlantic Legal Foundation and previously served as Chairman of the Board of Directors for the American Corporate Counsel Association (ACCA) from 2001 – 2002, and as Chair of the Board of Supervisors of his Township.

Mark MacDougall is a lawyer who is making a difference in how the American criminal justice system treats indigent clients facing the death penalty. A former Department of Justice prosecutor and a long-time partner with the Washington, D.C. office of Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, MacDougall has brought the resources, experience and talent of one of the nation’s leading law firms to the defense table in capital cases and federal civil rights litigation.

In 1999, MacDougall began a professional collaboration with the renowned South Carolina defense lawyer, Bill Nettles, that has changed the face of trial practice in death penalty cases in that state and across the nation. Over the past seven years MacDougall has led teams of Akin Gump lawyers in collaboration with Nettles, John Mauldin, John Del Gado, James Morton and other South Carolina defense lawyers in capital cases and in federal civil rights litigation. These cases have exposed and challenged critical legal and evidentiary practices, including undercover police surveillance of civil rights organizations, the exclusion of prospective jurors based on previous political activities, the use of post-arrest psychiatric examinations by prosecutors when seeking the death penalty, and the exclusion of evidence of third party guilt by courts in capital cases. One case resulted in the unanimous U.S. Supreme Court decision in May of this year - Bobby Holmes v. South Carolina - that reversed the South Carolina Supreme Court’s decision affirming Holmes’ death sentence, and set a new standard for the admissibility of third-party guilt evidence in the United States. To date, no client represented by MacDougall or Nettles has ever been executed.

MacDougall’s work has been previously recognized by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (the “NAACP”), with that organization’s 2004 national Foot Soldier Award, as well as by the York County, South Carolina Branch of the NAACP with its 2005 Outstanding Legal Service Award. MacDougall and his colleagues at Akin Gump continue to fight for due process and equal justice for low-income clients facing the death penalty in courtrooms across South Carolina and set an example for major law firms throughout the United States. MacDougall is a native of Boston, Massachusetts and lives in Arlington, Virginia with his wife of 25 years – Anne Johannessen –and their three sons, Ian, Colin and Gordon MacDougall.