Fifteen legal aid societies join together to form the National Alliance of Legal Aid Societies. Arthur von Briesen of
the Legal Aid Society of New York is the first president of the organization that will become the NLADA.
Justice for the Poor, the first nationwide study of legal aid by Reginald Heber Smith, is published.
The National Association of Legal Aid Organizations succeeds the National Alliance of Legal Aid Societies. The first Annual Conference is held.
The United States Supreme Court rules in Johnson v. Zerbst, that, "the Sixth Amendment withholds from the Federal
Courts, in all criminal proceedings, the authority to deprive an accused of his life or liberty unless he has or waives
the assistance of counsel."
The American Bar Association appropriates funds to promote, through state and local bar associations, the organization
of legal aid offices.
The National Legal Aid Association succeeds NALAO. Harrison Tweed is elected president. Emery A. Brownell is executive
NLAA establishes a Defender Section.
NLAA changes its name to the National Legal Aid & Defender Association.
NLADA receives a $2.3 million Ford Foundation grant for improving defender services through the National Defender Project.
In Gideon v. Wainwright, the Supreme Court guarantees the right to counsel in state courts to all persons accused of felonies.
The Criminal Justice Act of 1964 directs each federal district court to adopt a plan to provide legal representation
for indigents at all stages of a criminal proceeding, including appeal.
Jean and Edgar Cahn co-author "The War on Poverty: A Civilian Perspective," which becomes the blueprint for
neighborhood legal services programs.
NLADA files an amicus brief in In re Gault, in which the Supreme Court sets forth due process requirements, including
right to counsel, in juvenile proceedings where the defendant's freedom is at stake.
NLADA Civil Committee is established.
NLADA begins offering insurance plans to its members.
NLADA files amicus brief in Furman v. Georgia, in which the Supreme Court abolishes the death penalty.
NLADA publishes "The Other Face of Justice," the only comprehensive national survey of criminal defense funding and needs.
Congress establishes the Legal Services Corporation (LSC).
The first LSC Board is confirmed and LSC begins operations.
NLADA publishes "Guidelines for Legal Defense Systems in the United States."
NLADA creates its Access to Justice Project, funded by LSC to provide representation of poor people before Congress on
federal court jurisdictional issues.
Ronald Reagan is elected president; He vows to eliminate federally funded legal services.
LSC-funded programs sustain a 25 percent funding cut but survive initial attempts to eliminate legal services.
IOLTA (Interest on Lawyers' Trust Accounts) is pioneered in Florida.
NLADA conducts first national Appellate Defender Training.
NLADA's Civil Standards Project coordinates development of standards for the provision of civil legal services.
NLADA receives a grant from the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation for an Alternative Sentencing Advocacy Project.
The American Bar Association holds its first Pro Bono Conference.
The first confirmed LSC Board of Directors of the Reagan administration embarks upon a five-year campaign to eliminate funding and
restrict advocacy but is constrained by Congress.
NLADA conducts first national Defender Management Training.
NLADA launches Capital Report, a newsletter for death penalty defense team members.
ABA adopts "Standards for Providers of Civil Legal Services to the Poor."
NLADA conducts Life in the Balance: Defending Death Penalty Cases Conference.
President George Bush names recess appointees to the LSC Board.
NLADA, the Project Advisory Group and the Center for Law and Social Policy publish "Future Challenges, A Planning
Document for Legal Services."
NLADA publishes "National Directory of Death Penalty Mitigation Specialists."
NLADA holds its first Annual Awards Dinner to commemorate the Association's 80th anniversary, with former U.S. presidents
Jimmy Carter and Gerald Ford as honorary co-chairs.
ABA Adopts Monitoring Standards.
President Bush sends his nominees for the LSC Board to the Senate for confirmation.
NLADA receives Ford Foundation funding to coordinate the work of national and state programs, regional training centers,
the elder law support community and other providers of support to legal services advocates.
Hillary Rodham Clinton recognized at NLADA's third Annual Awards Dinner for her dedication and commitment to equal access
to justice for all Americans.
In response to severe cuts in LSC funding, NLADA leads efforts in statewide planning and development of innovative
service delivery models.
Grants from the Ford Foundation and the Open Society Institute support NLADA efforts to promote the development of
comprehensive, integrated statewide systems for delivering civil legal assistance to low-income people.
Project Advisory Group (PAG), created in 1967 by the U.S. Office of Economic Opportunity to serve as the voice of legal
services programs and their clients, merges with NLADA.
1998 marks the 10-year anniversary of NLADA's Life in the Balance training conference, the nation's premier death
penalty defense training.
NLADA begins an ambitious new plan to transform itself into a more technologically advanced, member-oriented entity.
The association enters into a new partnership with the ABA to institute an Equal Justice Conference, bringing together
civil legal services providers, volunteer private attorneys, pro bono coordinators, jurists, law school clinicians, bar
leaders, funders, and other members of the equal justice community from around the nation.
Prompted by NLADA's request to U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno that she use her position to build the case for
supporting and improving indigent defense, the Department of Justice convenes the first National Symposium on Indigent
Defense, in Washington, DC. NLADA's defender division helps author the symposium report, "Improving Criminal
Justice Systems through Expanded Strategies and Innovative Collaboration."
The Legal Services Corporation celebrates its 25th anniversary.
The "new" NLADA launches a National Public Awareness Campaign to educate the public and funders about the
need for civil legal services for the poor. NLADA launches the American Council of Chief Defenders, a section open to
chief and deputy chief defenders of state, county, local and federal defender systems and programs in all 50 states,
the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa and the Virgin Islands. NLADA's 78th Annual Conference, in
Washington, D.C., draws a record number of attendees.
In the case of Velazquez v. LSC, U.S. Supreme Court finds one of the restrictions placed against
LSC, the welfare reform prohibition in "suits for benefits" cases, to be an unconstitutional limitation on
First Amendment free speech guarantees. The Court denies cert on the challenges to other restrictions in Velazquez.
NLADA adopts a Client Section.
NLADA's defender division works with the public opinion research firm Belden, Russonello & Stewart to take the
first-ever national poll on indigent defense.
NLADA successfully advocated for an additional $9.5 million in funding for Legal Services Corporation (LSC) grantees
for fiscal year 2003.
NLADA, together with AARP and other organziations, filed an amicus curiae brief in support of the Interest on Lawyers
Trust Accounts (IOLTA) funding in the victorious U.S. Supreme Court case of Brown v. Legal Foundation of Washington.
In commemoration of the 40th Anniversary of Gideon v. Wainwright, the landmark U.S. Supreme Court right to counsel
case, NLADA launched two national public awareness campaigns to support indigent defense reform efforts.
* No Exceptions - A Campaign to Guarantee a Fair Justice System for All, and
* Initiative on the Right to Counsel - A national blue ribbon committee, co-chaired by former U.S. Vice President Walter
Mondale and former U.S. Senator John Danforth (R-MO), is evaluating the current state of indigent defense throughout the nation.
NLADA, together with the National Consumer Law Center, awarded eight Consumer Law Fellowships to legal services programs around the country,
enabling them to expand their practice of consumer law.
NLADA successfully advocated for the creation of a new, statewide public defense system in Montana that meets most national standards, and for the first time, provides uniform funding from the state.
NLADA representatives played a leading role in the revision of the American Bar Association Standards
for the Provision of Civil Legal Services to the Poor, which was last updated in 1986.
NLADA convened the nation's top defender executives (the American Council of Chief Defenders) on Capitol Hill to discuss
the effect of disparities in the distribution of federal resources on public defense and to educate key congressional
leaders about student loan forgiveness for public defenders.
NLADA worked closely with her national partners to secure a $22 million increase in the annual appropriation of the
Legal Services Corporation. The first infusion of funds in four years, the increase symbolizes the broad bipartisan support
the legal services community enjoys on Capitol Hill.
In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, NLADA services were retained by the Louisiana State Bar Associationto assess the situation in
Orleans Parish (New Orleans), with the aim of recommending a strategic plan to overcome systemic deficiencies. The NLADA-authored
report was released on September 22 to an overwhelmingly positive reception. So strong was the reaction that NLADA has since served
in an advisory role to the House Criminal Justice Committee of the Louisiana Legislature, providing technical assistance at the
request of the committee chair.
NLADA and the ACCD launched a campaign resulting in the introduction of federal legislation for student loan
forgiveness to help programs attract and retain diverse, qualified staffs. We are hopeful that the John R. Justice
Prosecutors and Defenders Incentive Act of 2007 will be enacted into law this year. NLADA also worked with members
of the academy and others on the College Cost Reduction and Access Act (H.R.2669), signed into law in September, which
includes a Public Service Loan Forgiveness program available to public interest lawyers, including public defenders.
On January 4, 2008, the Nevada Supreme Court issued a sweeping order finding a caseload crisis in Clark County
(Las Vegas) and Washoe County (Reno), and mandating widespread reform of the Stateís indigent defense services.
Among other items, the order strengthens the systemís independence by requiring every county to submit a delivery
plan that eliminates judges from the defense function by May 1st, establishes an interim statewide independent public
defense commission to oversee services, and requires case-weighting studies to be completed in an expedited fashion.
NLADA staffed the Supreme Court Task Force and each of its three subcommittees, and coordinated the participation of
our NIDC partners. The Supreme Court of Nevada officially recognized NLADAís Director of Research & Evaluation,
David Carroll, for his "generous contributions to the Supreme Court's Indigent Defense Commission," stating that his
input "will aid the Supreme Court in future decisions" and his contributions "will endure for years to come."
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